Restituire: The Key to ‘Returning’ Your Understanding of Italian Verbs


Welcome, language enthusiasts, to another exciting journey into the world of Italian verbs! In today’s blog post, we’ll explore the versatile and useful verb “restituire,” which means “to return” in English. Whether you’re returning a borrowed book, giving back someone’s kindness, or even ‘restoring’ your Italian language skills, mastering the usage of “restituire” is essential. So, let’s dive right in!

1. Restituire: The Art of Returning

At its core, “restituire” is all about the act of returning something to its rightful owner or original state. Let’s take a look at some practical examples:

  • Restituisco il libro che mi hai prestato. (I’m returning the book you lent me.)
  • Gli ho restituito il favore che mi ha fatto. (I returned the favor he did for me.)

In these examples, notice how “restituire” elegantly communicates the essence of giving back or restoring.

2. Restitution Beyond Physical Objects

Interestingly, “restituire” can also be used metaphorically to express returning or giving back in a non-physical sense. Here are some examples:

  • La mia risposta restituisce la fiducia che hai riposto in me. (My answer restores the trust you placed in me.)
  • La canzone restituisce un senso di nostalgia. (The song evokes a sense of nostalgia.)

These examples highlight how “restituire” can convey the emotional or abstract aspects of returning, further enriching your language repertoire.

3. Expressing Restitution in Compound Tenses

To continue deepening your understanding of “restituire,” it’s important to know how to use it in compound tenses such as the passato prossimo (present perfect) or the trapassato prossimo (past perfect). Consider the following examples:

  • Ho restituito i soldi che mi avevi prestato. (I returned the money you had lent me.)
  • Avevano già restituito le chiavi dell’appartamento quando sono arrivato. (They had already returned the apartment keys when I arrived.)

By incorporating “restituire” into compound tenses, you can express actions that were completed in the past with a clear sense of returning.

4. Conveying Negative Consequences

Sometimes, “restituire” is used in negative contexts to convey repercussions or payback. Take a look at these examples:

  • Il destino ti restituirà ciò che hai seminato. (Fate will return what you have sown.)
  • La natura sta restituendo gli effetti dei nostri comportamenti irresponsabili. (Nature is returning the effects of our irresponsible behavior.)

In these instances, “restituire” emphasizes the concept of consequences, underscoring the idea of giving back in a more metaphorical sense.


It’s time to wrap up our exploration of the Italian verb “restituire.” We hope this guide has inspired you to integrate “restituire” into your Italian conversations, allowing you to express the concept of returning and restoring in all its nuances. So, whether you’re returning borrowed items, repaying kindness, or seeking linguistic restoration, “restituire” is your go-to verb. Remember, the more you practice, the closer you’ll get to ‘restoring’ your proficiency in Italian! Buon divertimento con la lingua italiana! (Enjoy your journey with the Italian language!)